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• Liver: Ultrasound can help in the diagnosis of Hepatitis, Hepatic
neoplasms, Gall Bladder stones, hepatic congestion, portosystemic
• Kidneys: Hydronephrosis, Neoplasia, Calculi, Ectopic ureters,
Pyelonephritis, Chronic Renal Failure, Toxicitys. All of these
conditions can be imaged with ultrasound.
• Spleen: Ultrasound can help diagnose Haemangiosarcoma,
• Bladder: Ultrasound can detect Calculi, Cystitis, Neoplasia
(Transitional Cell Carcinoma), Ectopic Ureters
• Prostate: Ultrasound is the only imaging modality that can
differentiate between Prostatic cysts, Prostatic Abscesses,
Prostatic Neoplasia, Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia
• Uterus: Pregnancies can be detected as early as 21 days with
ultrasound which is very sensitive at detecting early pyometras
and early pregnancies (from Day 21 on). Foetal viability can also
be monitored in later pregnancy through the use of colour flow
• Adrenals: Ultrasound can help in the diagnosis of
Hyperadrenocorticism (Cushings Disease) and is useful in ruling
out adrenal neoplasia.
• Pancreas: Ultrasound allows visualisation of the pancreas for
Pancreatitis, Pancreatic neoplasia and Insulinomas.
• GIT: The Gastrointestinal tract can be imaged in detail with
ultrasound, this allows for the detection of foreign bodies,
neoplasms and wall thickening.
• Ultrasound can also help to confirm the presence of free
abdominal fluid, check for peritonitis and the mesenteric and iliac
lymph nodes can be assessed for tumour spread.
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• Chamber enlargement (Dilated and hypertrophic cardiomyopathy and congenital abnormalities)
• Contractility (DCM)
• Valvular insufficiency (endocardiosis and congenital
• Pericardial effusion
• Response to therapy
• Ultrasound is very useful in imaging retrobulbar masses and
assessing intraocular masses, retinal detachment and congenital
Ocular tumour in the anterior chamber of the eye
• Ultrasound is useful in shoulder lameness, in the diagnosis of
biceps and supraspinatous tendon abnormalities and in the
assessment of osteochondrosis.
• Ultrasound has been proven to be useful in assessing stifle and
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